Climate Change Authority

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Publications

2017

Towards the next generation: delivering affordable, secure and lower emissions power

The Australian Energy Market Commission (AEMC) and the Climate Change Authority have prepared a joint report to provide advice on policies to enhance power system security and to reduce electricity prices, consistent with achieving Australia’s emissions reduction targets in the Paris Agreement.

Action on the land: reducing emissions, conserving natural capital and improving farm profitability – an issues paper

The Authority has released an issues paper for consultation. The aim of the issues paper is to better understand the barriers to and opportunities for 'win-win' outcomes on the land through better integrating climate change, natural resource management and agricultural policies.

2016

Towards a climate policy toolkit: Special Review of Australia’s climate goals and policies

Report Three of the Special Review recommended what action Australia should take to implement outcomes flowing from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Paris conference in December 2015. It is the final report of the Authority's Special Review.

Policy options for Australia’s electricity supply sector—Special Review research report

As part of its Special Review, the Authority evaluated several emissions reduction policies for Australia’s electricity supply sector.

2015

Draft report on Australia's climate policy options

The Authority's draft report considered the full range of climate policy options, including the various types of emissions trading, and how the Authority proposed to evaluate them. This is the second report in the Authority's Special Review.

Authority observations on Australia’s 2030 target

The Authority made some observations following the announcement of the government’s 2030 emissions reduction target.

Australia's future emissions reduction targets (final report)

This report explains why the Climate Change Authority recommended an emissions reduction target of 30 per cent below 2000 levels by 2025. The report completes the first of three phases of the Special Review of Australia’s climate action.

Modelling illustrative electricity sector emissions reduction policies (Consultation paper)

The Climate Change Authority analysed the electricity sector as part of its Special Review. This analysis included modelling of a range of illustrative policies for reducing electricity sector emissions. The Authority’s evaluation of the policies is detailed in Policy options for Australia’s electricity supply sector: Special Review research report.

Comparing countries’ emissions targets: A practical guide

This guide explains how to compare country targets, and the pros and cons of different approaches. In making its recommendations on Australia’s emissions reduction targets, the Authority will consider how Australia compares to other countries.

2014

Targets and Progress Review (final report)

The Authority recommended short, medium and long term emissions reduction goals for Australia, including a 2020 target and a long term emissions budget. These goals are informed by climate science, international action and the costs and benefits of action for Australia. The Authority also reviewed Australia’s progress in reducing emissions to date, and identified opportunities to continue the transition to a low emissions economy.

Renewable Energy Target review

This is the Authority’s second review of the Renewable Energy Target (RET). The report highlights the crucial role the electricity sector plays in reducing Australia’s emissions. The Authority found no compelling case to weaken the existing RET, but recommended it be re-phased by up to three years. Beyond 2020, the Authority recommended that in the absence of effective alternative policies, an expanded RET (or RET-like scheme) be considered.

Carbon Farming Initiative review

The Climate Change Authority released its statutory review of the Carbon Farming Initiative in December 2014. The review evaluated the performance of the CFI to date; considered the extent to which the design of Emissions Reduction Fund (which replaces the CFI) improves on the CFI; and discussed the contribution the ERF could make to Australia’s emissions reduction goals for 2020 and beyond.

Using international units to help meet Australia’s emission reduction targets (research paper)

In its 2014 Targets and Progress Review, the Authority recommended Australia use international emissions reduction units to help meet its 2020 target. This paper considers the practical implications, including the types of international units Australia could use, their availability and costs, and potential purchasing arrangements.

Light vehicle emissions standards for Australia (research report)

In its Targets and Progress Review, the Authority recommended that the government investigate a CO2 emissions standard for light vehicles in Australia. This research report provides an in-depth analysis of light vehicle emissions standards, and demonstrates that mandatory standards are a cost-effective way to reduce Australia’s greenhouse gas emissions and light vehicle fuel use.

International climate action - priorities for the next agreement (research paper)

The international community is now negotiating a post-2020 framework for global climate action. Strong international action to reduce emissions is in every country’s interest, including Australia’s.. This research paper, released in June 2014, identifies key priorities for international co-operation on climate change that will encourage greater national emissions reductions.

Coverage, additionality and baselines - Lessons from the Carbon Farming Initiative and other schemes (CCA study)

This study investigated the experiences of Australian and international baseline and credit schemes, highlighting key lessons for the development of the government’s Emissions Reduction Fund. This work informed the Authority’s CFI Review.

2012

Renewable Energy Target review (final report)                                          

This is the Climate Change Authority’s first review of the Renewable Energy Target. The review found that the RET was stimulating considerable investment in renewable energy and argued that a stable and predictable policy was essential to sustain this investment.

The Authority released its second review of the Renewable Energy Target in December 2014. Material relating to 2014 is available on the 2014 RET Review page.