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Abbreviations and Acronyms

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AC air-conditioning
BAU business-as-usual
CO2 carbon dioxide
CO2-e carbon dioxide equivalent
COAG Coalition of Australian Governments
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
DCCEE Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency
DoE Department of the Environment
DIICCSRTE Department of Industry, Innovation, Climate Change, Science, Research and Tertiary Education
DIT Department of Infrastructure and Transport
ERF Emissions Reduction Fund
ESM Energy Sector Model
EU European Union
EV electric vehicle
FCV fuel cell vehicle
g  CO2/km grams of carbon dioxide emitted per kilometre
GHG greenhouse gas
HEV hybrid electric vehicle
ICCT International Council on Clean Transportation
ICEV internal combustion engine vehicle
IEA International Energy Agency
ITS Intelligent Transport Systems
LED light emitting diode
MEP Minimum Energy Performance standards
mpg miles per gallon
Mt megatonne (mass, one million metric tonnes)
MVSA Motor Vehicle Standards Act
MWh megawatt hour (energy, equal to 3.6 gigajoules)
NEDC New European Drive Cycle
NHSTA National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (US)
PHEV plug-in hybrid electric vehicle
RIS Regulation Impact Statement
SUV sports utility vehicle
tk tonne kilometres
vkt vehicle kilometres travelled
US United States