Chapter 1.1: Members of the Climate Change Authority
Chair: Mr Bernie Fraser
On 10 July 2011, the Prime Minister announced that Mr Bernie Fraser was to be the first Chair of the Authority. Mr Fraser has decades of experience in public economic policy and business, having served as Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA) from 1989 to 1996 and Secretary of the Treasury from 1984 to 1989. Mr Fraser was a director of two of Australia’s largest superannuation funds, AustralianSuper and Cbus, for 15 years before retiring recently. He has been Chair of ME Bank since its inception.
Ex officio Member and Chief Scientist: Professor Ian Chubb AC
The Climate Change Authority Act 2011 appoints the Chief Scientist as an ex officio member of the Authority. The current Chief Scientist, Professor Ian Chubb AC, began his four-year term on 23 May 2011. Professor Chubb has had a distinguished career in higher education and research, retiring after a decade as vice-chancellor of the Australian National University (ANU). He later took on leadership roles in university administration and sector advocacy bodies. A neuroscientist by training, he has co-authored some 70 full papers and co-edited one book—all related to his research. Professor Chubb has previously been named the Australian Capital Territory’s nominee for Australian of the Year for his contribution to higher education.
Professor Clive Hamilton
Professor Hamilton holds the Vice-Chancellor’s Chair and is Professor of Public Ethics at the Centre for Applied Philosophy and Public Ethics, Charles Sturt University. He holds an arts degree from ANU and an economics degree from the University of Sydney, and completed his doctorate at the Institute of Development Studies at the University of Sussex. For 14 years, he was the Executive Director of The Australia Institute, a progressive think tank. Before establishing The Australia Institute, Professor Hamilton taught in the Graduate Program in the Economics of Development at ANU. He then joined the Australian Public Service, first with the Bureau of Industry Economics and subsequently the Resource Assessment Commission. He also worked as a resource economist in Indonesia. Professor Hamilton has held visiting academic positions at Yale University, the University of Sydney, ANU, the University of Cambridge and the University of Oxford. He is a member of the Royal Society’s Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative.
Professor David Karoly
Professor Karoly is Professor of Atmospheric Science in the University of Melbourne’s School of Earth Sciences. His research expertise is in climate variability and climate change, including greenhouse climate change, stratospheric ozone depletion and interannual climate variations due to El Niño-Southern Oscillation. Professor Karoly was Chair of the Premier of Victoria’s Climate Change Reference Group during 2008–09 and a member of the Australian Government’s High Level Coordinating Group on Climate Change Science during 2009–11. Professor Karoly is also a member of the Wentworth Group of Concerned Scientists and the Australian Academy of Sciences’ National Committee on Earth System Science.
Mr John Marlay
Mr Marlay is a non-executive director of Incitec Pivot Limited, Boral Limited and Cardno Limited, as well as the independent Chairman of Flinders Ports Holdings Pty Ltd. Mr Marlay was Chief Executive Officer and Managing Director of Alumina Limited from December 2002 until his retirement from this position in 2008. Previously, he held senior executive positions and directorships with Esso Australia Limited, James Hardie Industries Limited, Pioneer International Group Holdings and Hanson plc. Mr Marlay has a Bachelor of Science from the University of Queensland and a Graduate Diploma from the Australian Institute of Company Directors, where he is also a Fellow.
Mr Marlay resigned as an Authority member on 30 June 2014.
Professor John Quiggin
Professor Quiggin is an Australian Laureate Fellow at the University of Queensland. He has bachelor degrees in Arts and Economics and a Masters of Economics, and was awarded his PhD from the University of New England in 1988. He has held academic positions at ANU, James Cook University, the University of Maryland, the University of Sydney, Johns Hopkins University and the University of Queensland, and was a board member of the Queensland Competition Authority. Professor Quiggin is among the top 500 economists in the world according to IDEAS/Respect and is best known for his work on utility theory. He has frequently been recognised for his research, including twice receiving Federation Fellowships from the Australian Research Council. His most recent book, Zombie Economics: How Dead Ideas Still Walk among Us, was published in October 2010 by Princeton University Press. Professor Quiggin is a Fellow of the Econometric Society and in 2011 received the Distinguished Fellow Award of the Economic Society of Australia.
Ms Heather Ridout
Ms Ridout is an Employer Director appointed by the Ai Group. She joined the AustralianSuper Board in 2007 and was appointed Chair in 2013. She is a company director and Reserve Bank Board member with a long history as a leading figure in the public policy debate in Australia.
Ms Ridout is also a Director of Sims Metal Management (the world’s largest publicly listed recycling company), ASX Ltd and Image Networks Holdings Pty Ltd. Her other appointments include Member of the boards of the Australian Chamber Orchestra, Asialink, Advance Australia Advisory Board and L.E.K. Consulting Advisory Board.
She is also co-Chair of the Australia-Canada Economic Leadership Dialogue and a delegate to the B20, which is the key business advisory body to the international economic forum and includes business leaders from all G20 economies.
Until 30 April 2012, Ms Ridout was Chief Executive of the Australian Industry Group—a major national employer organisation representing a cross-section of industry including manufacturing, construction, defence, ICT and labour hire.
Ms Ridout was recently made an Officer (AO) in the general division of the Order of Australia, for distinguished service to business and industry through significant contributions to the development of economic and public policy.
Ms Ridout resigned as an Authority member on 1 September 2014.
Ms Elana Rubin
Ms Rubin is a Director of Mirvac Group, MLC and PPB Advisory, and Member of the Infrastructure Australia Council and Qualitas Advisory Board. She is also a Director of SecondBite, a not-for-profit organisation providing excess fresh food to homeless and other agencies. In 2013, Ms Rubin retired as Chair of AustralianSuper and Director of TAL. Recent prior non-executive directorships include Chair of the Victorian WorkCover Authority and Director of the Transport Accident Commission (Victoria). Her previous executive role was Executive Director—Investments of the Australian Retirement Fund.
Ms Rubin holds a Bachelor of Arts (Hons) and a Master of Arts from the University of Melbourne, as well as a Graduate Diploma in Applied Finance and Investment from the Securities Institute of Australia. Ms Rubin resigned as an Authority member on 18 March 2014.
Dr Lynne Williams
Dr Williams has worked as an economist in the public sector for over 30 years and is now an economic consultant and board member, having left full-time employment in May 2011. She was Under-Secretary for the Victorian Department of Treasury and Finance, as well as Deputy Secretary, Economic and Financial Policy. Dr Williams has held senior state and federal government positions, including at the departments of Premier and Cabinet, and Industry (Victoria); and the Productivity Commission, Bureau of Labour Market Research and Bureau of Immigration, Multicultural and Population Research (federal).
Dr Williams holds a Master of Arts from the University of Melbourne and a Master of Science (Econometrics and Mathematical Economics) from the London School of Economics. She completed a PhD at Monash University. She is a Commissioner on the Essential Services Commission of South Australia and the Victorian Building Authority, and a Member of the Victorian Legal Services Board.
Dr Williams is Chair of the Victorian Government Purchasing Board, a Member of the boards of the University of Melbourne’s Faculty of Business and Economics and of Melbourne University Sport, a Fellow of the Institute of Public Administration Australia and of St Hilda’s College, and Vice President of Athletics International (Australia). Dr Williams resigned as an Authority member on 9 April 2014.